New York(CNN Business) Leading oil company CEOs declined on Wednesday to endorse a call from Democrats to reduce dividends and share buybacks and plow the money into ramping up production instead.
During a hearing, Rep. Frank Pallone, a New Jersey Democrat, asked the top executives from ExxonMobil (XOM), Chevron, BP, Shell, Pioneer Natural Resources and Devon Energy if they would commit to "doing whatever it takes," including not just increasing production but reducing dividends and buybacks to lower prices for American consumers.
The questions echoed a letter from House Oversight Chair Carolyn Maloney and Rep. Ro Khanna this week asking the major companies to scrap their buybacks and dividends during the Ukraine war and instead lower prices for consumers.
None of the executives agreed to do so.
US oil production remains below pre-Covid levels, even as oil prices have nearly doubled.
"We can increase production and return value to shareholders," Chevron (CVX) CEO Mike Wirth said in response. BP (BP) America CEO David Lawler said he "can't commit" to cutting buybacks and dividends.
Gretchen Watkins, the president of Shell (RDSA) USA, said her company believes it can return value to shareholders, boost supply of oil and invest in renewables. "We will be doing all of that," Watkins said.
And Scott Sheffield, the CEO of Pioneer Natural Resources (PXD), said his company will increase production but flatly declined to dial back dividends. "The answer is no on dividends," Sheffield said.
Lawmakers fired back with strong complaints, suggesting that the executives should be squarely focused on shareholders, particularly during the war in Ukraine.
"During this Russian war, you are ripping the American people off and it must end," said California Democrat Rep. Raul Ruiz, who also referenced a recent Dallas Federal Reserve survey in which 59% of oil executives said investor pressure to maintain capital discipline is the primary reason publicly traded oil producers are restraining growth.
"Gas prices cannot continue to be dependent on the whims of autocrats like Putin who can weaponize oil against us," Ruiz said.
Pallone, meanwhile, said oil companies are devoting $45 billion in share buybacks plus another $40 billion in dividends.
"That's a lot of money to shareholders, but it's coming at the expense of the American people, who need you to increase production, not shareholder wealth," Pallone said. "For the American people to have relief from high gas prices your companies need to do their part and increase production to meet demand."
But it's not that simple, Sheffield said during the hearing. He noted that the oil industry is facing challenges like many other sectors: worker shortages, a lack of supplies and price spikes, all of which have slowed its ability to boost production.
"We are seeing severe supply constraints. We are lacking a lot of equipment. The reason we can't grow faster is we are lacking rigs," Sheffield said. "We are seeing severe inflation...and we will continue to see severe inflation over the next several years."
The Pioneer CEO added that companies are struggling to hire workers, echoing concerns voiced by other industries.
"Who wants to come back and work in the oil and gas industry? We can't get people back," Sheffield said, noting that the 2020 oil crash was the latest in a series of downturns in the boom-to-bust industry.
Democratic New York Rep. Paul Tonko criticized oil-and-gas companies for investments in Russia since Moscow annexed Crimea in 2014, arguing those projects have "helped to fund Putin's war chest."
Woods, the Exxon CEO, reiterated that his company plans to terminate its final project in Russia, a promise it made a month ago.
"It's rather complex because we are operating offshore rigs in deep waters and environmentally sensitive areas," Woods said during the hearing. "We are working our way through that as expeditiously as possible."
Asked if Exxon's investments in Russia are in the best interests of the United States, the CEO cited bipartisan support over the years for those ties.
"Both Democratic and Republican administrations have encouraged our investments as a way to bring Western values into Russia and benefit the Russian people," Woods said.
Wirth, the Chevron CEO, was asked to commit to terminating all operations in Russia — including supplying Russian companies with lubricants and other materials.
"We've halted all those sales, and for the foreseeable future, there is no way those will resume," Wirth said.
Lawler of BP America said that within 96 hours of the invasion, his company announced its intention to exit its stake in the Russian oil giant Rosneft, taking a writedown of up to $25 billion.
"BP was horrified with the military action in the war against Ukraine," Lawler said. "The company is quite serious about our response."
Watkins said Shell is moving as "fast as we possibly can" to fully divest from Russia.